Ruthless Spine Blog

References:

  1. Waschke A, Walter J, Duenisch P, Reichart R, Kalff R, Ewald C. CT-navigation versus fluoroscopy-guided placement of pedicle screws at the thoracolumbar spine: single center experience of 4,500 screws. Eur Spine J. 2013 Mar;22(3):654-60. doi: 10.1007/s00586-012-2509-3. Epub2012 Sep 23. PMID: 23001415; PMCID: PMC3585623.
  2. Nevzati E, Marbacher S, Soleman J, et al. Accuracy of pedicle screw placement in the thoracic and lumbosacral spine using a conventional intraoperative fluoroscopy-guided technique: a national neurosurgical education and training center analysis of 1236 consecutive screws. World Neurosurg. 2014;82(5):866-71.e712. doi:10.1016/j.wneu.2014.06.023
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